Livingstone was, until 2012, the capital of the Southern Province of Zambia. Lying 10km to the north of the Zambezi River, it is a tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic British colonial city, its present population was estimated at 136,897 inhabitants at the 2010 census.It is named after David Livingstone, the British explorer who was the first European to explore the area.
Livingstone has a humid subtropical climate with hot and rainy wet seasons and very hot pre-wet seasons and mild dry seasons with large temperature differences between day and night.
Zambia has three distinct seasons. Put simply, these are:
May to August – cool and dry. Daytime temperatures on the plateau areas average around 23oC to 26oC, and in the valleys around 24oC to 28oC. Night temperatures can drop to 7oC, especially in July, the coolest month.
September to October/November – hot and dry. Daytime temperatures on the plateau average around 26oC to 30oC, and in the valleys 38oC to 42oC.
November/December to April – warm and wet. The rains come and the temperature gradually fall to around 27oC on the plateau and to around 32oC in the valleys. During the rainy season, humidity is quite high – around 70% to 80%. The rainfall in not constant, and can last for just a few hours each day (or night). Generally the amount of rain is higher in the north of the country than in the south.
Features and attractions of Livingstone
Livingstone’s main places of interest are:
- Victoria Falls (Mosi-Oa-Tunya) which is protected and served by the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park on the city’s south-western edge.
- Wildlife safaris (game drives) in the wildlife section of the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park.
- Bird watching in the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park.
- Batoka Gorges below the Falls in the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park.
- Zambezi River above the Falls including river cruises, sports fishing, kayaking.
- Victoria Falls Field Museum featuring geology and archaeology around the Falls.
- Flights over the Falls including helicopter and micro light flights.
- Livingstone Museum is devoted to archaeology, ethnography and history and contains a collection of memorabilia relating to David Livingstone.
- Maramba Cultural Museum featuring traditional dancing, singing and costumes.
- Mukuni Village with its annual Lwiindi Ceremony in July.
- Victoria Falls Bridge
- Railway Museum of the Mulobezi Railway
- Saint Andrews Church built 1910-11 in memory of David Livingstone and still in use.
- Craft markets such as Mukuni Victoria Falls Craft Village
- Livingstone Golf Course
- Maramba old people’s home. A home for the aged who have no one to look after them.
- Government hostels, former Busiku guest house.
- Maramba SDA church, the first SDA church to be opened on the eastern part of Livingstone.
- Maramba Market, the biggest market in Livingstone
- David Livingstone Secondary school
- River side market, just in the heart of Maramba compound and the boundary of MAs and Burton Compound
Currency & Exchanging Money
Zambia’s unit of currency in the Zambian Kwacha. The main banks in Livingstone are Barclays and Standard Chartered along Mosi-Oa-Tunya Road. Both exchange cash and travellers cheques. Both Barclays and Standard Chartered bank have an ATM and take Visa Cards.